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Atriplex canecens seed

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Atriplex canecens

Alternate Names
Chamise, chamize, chamiso, white greasewood, saltsage, fourwing shadscale, bushy atriplex

Uses

Rangeland/Grazing

Wildlife

Erosion Control

Reclamation

Ethnobotanical

PLANT CHARACTERISTICS

Duration:Perennial
Habit:Shrub
Root Type:Tap
Leaf Complexity:Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear 
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious
Leaf: Green 
Flower: yellow
Fruit: Brown Four-winged 
Size Class: 6-12 ft. 

BLOOM INFORMATION

Bloom Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct 

GROWING CONDITIONS

Water Use: Medium 
Light Requirement: Part Shade 
Soil Moisture: Dry 
CaCO3 Tolerance: High 
Soil Description: Alkaline, well-drained soils. Saline tolerant, Caliche type, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Clay Loam Clay Calcareous 
Conditions Comments: Will work in extremely dry, salty conditions and in recommended for its durability rather than its beauty. Useful for stabilizing soil and providing wildlife cover. Saltbush can be very invasive and difficult to eradicate, especially in wetlands. Severe pruning produces better specimens. If planting in a rabbit or deer area, plants will need to be caged until foliage reaches 3-4 ft. 

BENEFIT

Use Ornamental: Showy, Fall conspicuous, Fruits ornamental, Erosion control 
Use Wildlife: Important as wildlife cover and food plants. Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds, Nectar-bees, Nectar-insects 
Warning: This plant may accumulate levels of the soil mineral selenium that makes it toxic to livestock. 
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

 

PROPAGATION

Propagation Material: Seeds 
Description: Increase by seed sown in spring or softwood cuttings taken from late spring to early fall. 
Seed Collection: Gather by hand when ripe in late summer or fall. Cleaning or dewinging before storage is not necessary although the bracts contain high accumulations of soluble salts which may inhibit germination. Store seed in cloth or paper bags in a dry, cool place. Seeds must undergo a 10 month period of after-ripening. 
Seed Treatment: Germination of many Atriplex species can be increased by presoaking the fruits and then wringing the water and dissolved salts from the material. 
Commercially Avail: yes